Khachaturian Flute Concerto
Khachaturian Flute Concerto
Khatchatourian / Khachaturian
Flute and Piano
Publisher: Chant du Monde
Flute Concerto (Violin Concerto transcribed by Jean-Pierre Rampal) (1940, transcribed 1968)
Aram Il’yich Khachaturian
Aram Khachaturian (1903-1978) was a Soviet Armenian composer, renowned for his Piano Concerto (1936) and his ballet Gayane (1942), featuring the popular and rhythmically stirring “Sabre Dance.”
Born into an Armenian family, Khachaturian’s early exposure to music came from the folk songs of his mother and his hometown, Tiflis (later Tbilisi), Georgia. He received formal training at the Gnesin State Musical and Pedagogical Institute in Moscow and the Moscow Conservatory, later becoming a professor at both institutions from 1951.
In his youth, he drew inspiration from contemporary Western music, particularly the works of Maurice Ravel. However, as he matured, Khachaturian developed a deep appreciation for folk traditions, embracing the musical heritage of his Armenian ancestors, as well as that of Georgia, Russia, Turkey, and Azerbaijan. His Symphony No. 1 (1935) and subsequent compositions showcase this profound influence.
Khachaturian’s vast repertoire includes the symphonic suite Masquerade (1944), the ballets Happiness (1939) and Spartak (1953; also known as “Spartacus”), a Third Symphony, a violin concerto (1940), a cello concerto (1946), and numerous shorter pieces. He also composed music for the Armenian national anthem, film scores, and incidental music.
In 1948, he, along with Dmitry Shostakovich and Sergey Prokofiev, faced accusations of bourgeois tendencies in their music from the Central Committee of the Communist Party. Khachaturian admitted guilt, but after Stalin’s death in 1953, he publicly denounced the accusation, which was later revoked in 1958. Despite the turbulence, he received accolades such as the title of People’s Artist of the Soviet Union in 1954 and the Lenin Prize in 1959.
Khachaturian’s family had a significant presence in Soviet cultural circles, with his wife, Nina Makarova, and nephew, Karen Khachaturian, both making names for themselves as composers.
Jean-Pierre Rampal (1922-2000) renowned French flautist toured internationally, recorded a vast array of works involving the flute and in later years, took up conducting.
Rampal won a place to study at the Paris Conservatoire and later founded the French Wind Quintet before becoming Principal Flute of the Paris Opéra (1956–62). In 1968 he took up the post of Flute Professor at the Paris Conservatoire.
He enhanced the status of the flute as a concert instrument through his vast number of recordings from Baroque masterpieces to jazz. He was particularly known for his authentic interpretations of 18th Century music and for his editing skills with the music of the Baroque period.
Rampal’s autobiography, ‘Music, My Love’, was published in 1989.
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